Geography of Chamba
Location of ChambaChamba town is situated in the Chamba Valley at the confluence of River Ravi and its tributary River Sal. Its geographical coordinate is 32.57° N 76.13° E and the average elevation is 996 meter (3268 feet).
Geography of Chamba ValleyThe Chamba Valley is an isolated valley system, touched by three mountain ranges. The valley is located between Dhauladhar Mountain Range and Zanskar Mountain Ranges. While the Dhauladhar Range cuts it off from Kangra Valley, it also has Pir Panjal Range separating it from Lahaul and Kashmir Valley. The River Ravi runs through its entire length in east-west direction often forming deep canyons.
Topography of Chamba Town
River Ravi near ChambaRiver Ravi is an international river flowing throw North West India and Eastern Pakistan. It is a snow fed perennial river. It originates from Bara Bhangaal glacier (4300 meters) in Multhan Sub Tehsil of Kangra district and then flows in a north western direction to enter Chamba District. The river also has a number of tributaries like Budhai, Nai, Seul, Saiwa, Tant Gan, Sal etc flowing into it.
Initially, River Ravi runs along the western border of Chamba town. It then enters the town near the Shitla Bridge in Jansali locality and then flows out through the Sultanpur locality. Chamera Dam built at a distance of 37.5 km from Chamba provides electricity to the whole area.
Chamera Dam near Chamba
Chamera Dam has a catchment area of 472.5 sq km and the reservoir, popularly known as Chamera Lake, has a live storage capacity of 110 MCN. While the maximum water level of the lake may reach up to 763 meter, the minimum water level remains around 747 meters. The mean annual inflow of the lake is 1,273 BCM. Unfortunately, the lake does not support any kind of aquatic life; consequently, it has become an ideal spot for water sports.
River Sal in ChambaRiver Sal is another important river for Chamba. It originates from Saho Range and then runs for 15 km before it meets River Ravi near Chamba. Bhuri Singh Power House built on this river is the second oldest hydroelectric power project in India. It was built by Raja Bhuri Singh in 1920.
Natural Resources in ChambaThe hill sides of Chamba are covered with different varieties of trees such as olive, pomegranate, peepal and shisham. Different types of aromatic and medicinal plants also grow naturally on these hill slopes. In addition, farmers of this region have traditionally grown cereal crops such as wheat, maize, rice etc.
However, today farmers have started diversifying their crops. Now they not only grow different types of seasonal vegetables and flowers, but have also gone into cultivation of fruits, mushrooms and medicinal plants in a big way.
Seasons in Chamba
The monsoon in Chamba starts in the month of July and continues till mid September. With greenery all around the town looks at its best during this period. Autumn comes after the monsoon and generally lasts up to the November. During that period, the weather remains thoroughly enjoyable.
The winter in Chamba sets in December and lasts until February. During this period the maximum temperature hovers around 15°C and the minimum may reach the freezing point. However, because of its low elevation, the town rarely witnesses snowfall.
After winter, the town enjoys a brief spring. From the month of April, the temperature begins to rise and summer season sets in once more